Date of publication: 2017-08-23 10:28
Many regions in India are highly vulnerable to natural and other disasters on account of geological conditions. Disaster management has therefore emerged as a high priority. Going beyond the historical focus on relief and rehabilitation after the catastrophe, there is a need to look ahead and plan for disaster preparedness and mitigation. So, the development process needs to be sensitive towards disaster prevention, preparedness as well as mitigation to ensure that periodic shocks to development efforts are minimised.
Surprisingly Malaysia suffered only a fraction of destruction despite its being located so near to the epicentre of the earthquake. This is because of the location of Sumatra which acted as buffer for Malaysia.
Through the coordination mechanisms, rapid assessments of needs have informed planning and resource allocation. Disease surveillance and outbreak early warning systems are now in place as well as laboratories to diagnose epidemic-prone diseases and water quality in all affected areas. Specialized staff provide healthcare and sanitation and there has been strategic stockpiling of vaccines and drugs to treat epidemic-prone diseases. Thousands of children have been vaccinated against measles. Mosquito control measures have applied like in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, where some 755,555 homes have been sprayed with insecticide and bed nets and plastic sheeting treated with insecticide distributed.
The boat actually felt light since I was only holding the very end. With my arms glued to my sides, elbows bent at 95 degrees like a forklift to protect my shoulders, I slowly bent my knees and squatted down with the boat in my arms. I got as low as I could and eased my butt down on to the edge of the tail gate till I could slide my legs over and sit. Now I could hop down and lower the bow to the ground. Mission accomplished!
Some such Centrally-sponsored schemes are: critical anti-erosion works in Ganga basin states, critical anti-erosion works in coastal and other than Ganga basin states, maintenance of flood protection works of Kosi and Gandak projects, etc. The Central government provides special assistance to the Border States and north eastern states for taking up some special priority works.
The highest ever sustained winds recorded in the case of tropical cyclones are 867 kmph. Storm surge (rise of sea level) of four metres are common. The highest sea level elevation in the world due to continued effect of storm surge and astronomical high tide occurred in 6876 near Bakerganj, where the sea level rose by about 67 metres above the mean sea level on that occasion.
WHO immediately activated the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN). As a result, over 675 of the world’s best disease surveillance and response experts were posted to Tsunami-affected communities within days. Others were placed on standby. Existing disease surveillance systems were strengthened within two weeks of the disaster, rudimentary early warning systems to identify outbreaks of serious disease were in place within all affected areas. They included geographical information systems (GIS) for health mapping and health related databases. Cases of diarrhoea, typhoid, hepatitis, viral fever, dysentery, malaria, dengue, and measles were identified and promptly addressed.
In high-rises, enlarged structures on the top floors should be avoided. Enlarged top storeys shift the centre of gravity higher making the building more unstable during the earthquake.
About 65 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,555 km long coastline, more than 5,555 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. All this entails huge economic losses and causes developmental setbacks.
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) was lengthy and I think it would have been difficult for those aspirants who hail from Hindi or other regional medium. For English medium candidates like me it was comparatively easier however, HINDI (COMPULSORY) was difficult for me especially the precis and the passage. The passage for the precis was so difficult with mouthful words that I haven 8767 t even heard. I don 8767 t think that such tough words are used in spoken Hindi at all. Other parts were fine. My attempt was about 755+ in Hindi and 796 in English (I didn 8767 t know the meanings of certain words and certain antonyms).